Shahid Beheshti University
Last Update: 2021/02/27
Janet Elizabet blake
Associate professor

Faculty: Law
Department: Human Rights Law
Phone: +98 (21) 22431971
Email: j-blake@sbu.ac.ir
Personal website:

Academic Degrees

PhD, , , England, 1996.


Journal Articles
1. J. Elizabet blake, "Engaging "Communities, Groups and Individuals" in the International Mechanisms of the 2003 Intangible Heritage Convention" , International Journal of Cultural Property, Vol.26, pp.113-137, 2019.
2. J. Elizabet blake, "Museums and Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage - Facilitating Participation" , INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INTANGIBLE HERITAGE, Vol.13, pp.18-35, 2018.
3. J. Elizabet blake, "UNESCOs 2003 Convention and Sustainable Development the International Policy Context and National Experiences" , Islamic Studies on Human Rights and Democracy, Vol.2, pp.17-30, 2018.
4. J. Elizabet blake, "From Traditional Culture and Folklore to Intangible Cultural Heritage - Evolution of a treaty" , Santander Art and Culture Law Review, Vol.2, pp.41-60, 2017.
5. J. Elizabet blake, "Protecting Religious Diversity for Building Peace and Preventing Violence" , Islamic Studies on Human Rights and Democracy, Vol.1, pp.1-13, 2017.
6. J. Elizabet blake, "Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage in the Event of Armed Conflict An Imperative for Cultural Heritage Humanitarian and Human Rights Law" , Europa ethnica, pp.73-81, 2017.
7. J. Elizabet blake, "Editorial Material culture of the Middle East its Intangible Dimensions and New Museums" , Anthropology of the Middle East, Vol.1, pp.1-7, 2015.
8. J. Elizabet blake, "From Global to Local Heritage Intangible Cultural Heritage and the Role of the Museum" , Anthropology of the Middle East, Vol.10, pp.18-25, 2015.
9. J. Elizabet blake, "Gender Equality and Intangible Cultural Heritage under UNESCO s 2003" , UNESCO ICH courier, Vol.24, pp.3-3, 2015.
10. J. Elizabet blake, "Seven years of implementing UNESCO S 2003 Intangible Heritage Convention - honeymoon period or seven year itch" , International Journal of Cultural Property, Vol.3, pp.291-304, 2014.
11. J. Elizabet blake, "Safeguarding Endangered Indigenous Languages How Human Rights Can Contribute to Preserving Biodiversity." , Vol.1, pp.131-144, 2013.
12. J. Elizabet blake, "The historical context of the 2003 Convention." , UNESCO ICH courier, Vol.14, pp.3-3, 2013.
13. J. Elizabet blake, "Towards a More Integrated Approach to International Protection of the Cultural and Natural Heritage." , Environmental Policy and Law, Vol.1, pp.8-17, 2013.
14. J. Elizabet blake, "Democracy and the Approach to Justice in Ancient Athens" , Revue de recherche juridique, pp.303-336, 2011.
15. J. Elizabet blake, "Heritage and Society" , Hevitage and society, Vol.4, pp.199-238, 2011.
16. J. Elizabet blake, "كاركرد عدالت در حفاظت جهاني محيط زيست" , Vol.8, pp.11-28, 2011.
17. J. Elizabet blake, "The legal and political context of unesco s 2005 convention on the diversity of cultural expressions-will be good for iran" , Iranian Review of Foreign Affairs, Vol.1, pp.161-180, 2010.
18. N. Azimi, J. Elizabet blake, S. Mojabi, "The role of cul" , Vol.7, pp.117-134, 2010.
19. J. Elizabet blake, "Report on the international conference on human rights and the environment and its tehran declaration" , International Journal of Cultural Property, Vol.16, 2009.
20. J. Elizabet blake, B. Boer, "Human rights the environment and the tehran declaration" , Invironmental policy and law, Vol.39, 2009.
21. J. Elizabet blake, "Standard-setting instruments promoting multilingualism - launch of the UN Year of Mother Languages UNESCO Paris 21 February 2008" , International Journal of Cultural Property, Vol.2, pp.433-436, 2008.
22. J. Elizabet blake, "The protection of land-based wildlife under international law" , Vol.6, pp.21-42, 2008.
23. J. Elizabet blake, "Towards a better understanding of community involvement for achieving environmentally sustainable development" , Vol.5, pp.1-14, 2008.
24. J. Elizabet blake, "حفاظت از حيات وحش روي زمين از منظر حقوق بين الملل" , Vol.6, pp.21-42, 2008.
25. J. Elizabet blake, "The international legal framework for the safeguarding and promotion of languages" , MUSEUM INTERNATIONAL, Vol.60, pp.14-25, 2008.
26. J. Elizabet blake, "Beyond Death The Treatment of Indigenous Human Remains - A Human Rights Perspective" , ISLAM AND CHRISTIAN-MUSLIM RELATIONS, Vol.18, pp.367-375, 2007.
27. J. Elizabet blake, "The Human Rights Implications of International Cultural Heritage Law" , Vol.2, pp.1-18, 2007.
28. J. Elizabet blake, "The Right to Cultural Identity Explored from the Perspective of Cultural Heritage" , Vol.1, pp.5-19, 2006.
29. J. Elizabet blake, "Sustainable development in international law and its application to ecotourism development" , Vol.1, pp.12-22, 2005.
30. J. Elizabet blake, "On Developing a New International Convention for Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage" , Art Antiquity and Law, Vol.8, pp.381-411, 2002.
31. J. Elizabet blake, "On defining the cultural heritage" , International and Comparative Law Quarterly, Vol.49, pp.61-85, 2000.
32. J. Elizabet blake, "International litigation and the restitution of antiquities - the Turkish experience" , ANTIQUITY, Vol.72, pp.824-830, 1998.
33. J. Elizabet blake, "Export embargoes and the international antiquities market - the Turkish experience" , Art Antiquity and Law, Vol.2, pp.223-250, 1997.
34. J. Elizabet blake, "The protection of the underwater cultural heritage" , International and Comparative Law Quarterly, Vol.45, pp.819-844, 1996.
35. J. Elizabet blake, "The protection of Turkey s underwater archaeological heritage - legislative and other approaches" , International Journal of Cultural Property, Vol.2, pp.273-293, 1994.
36. J. Elizabet blake, "The importance and legal significance of safeguarding cultural diversity for the preservation of biological diversity" , Vol.1, pp.15-26, 2003.
37. ژ. بلك, ف. رضائي پور, "تاثير اصل احتياط در حل تعارضات ميان بخشي تجارت-محيط زيست بر يكپارچگي حقوق بين الملل" , مطالعات حقوق عمومي, نسخه 49, صفحات:1003-1023, 1398.
38. ژ. بلك, ا. پناهنده ثمرين, "ثمرين حقوق محيط زيست در دور آنتروپوسن (نو-انساني)" , فصلنامه علوم محيطي دانشگاه شهيد بهشتي, نسخه 17, صفحات:15-27, 1398.
39. م. رضوي راد, ژ. بلك, "تاملي در خصوص بهره برداري تجاري از ميراث زير فرهنگي زير آب با تاكيد بر رويكرد كنوانسيون 2001 يونسكو" , پژوهش حقوق عمومي, صفحات:227-250, 1398.
40. م. رضوي راد, ژ. بلك, "چالش هاي حقوقي حفاظت از ميراث فرهنگي زيرآب در پرتو قوانين نجات و كشفيات" , مطالعات حقوق عمومي, نسخه 49, صفحات:1-21, 1398.
41. م. رضوي راد, ژ. بلك, "وضعيت حقوقي فعاليت هاي موثر بر ميراث فرهنگي زيرآب" , مطالعات حقوق عمومي, نسخه 49, صفحات:881-895, 1398.
42. م. رضوي راد, ژ. بلك, س. زماني, م. محمودي, "چالش هاي حقوقي حفاظت از ميراث فرهنگي زير آب در منطق? انحصاري اقتصادي و فلات قاره" , مطالعات حقوق عمومي, نسخه 2, صفحات:463-482, 1397.
43. ژ. بلك, "نظام حكمراني زيستمحيطي جهاني: چالشها و راهكارها" , علوم محيطي ( علمي - پژوهشي ), نسخه 15, صفحات:141-156, 1396.
44. ف. جم, ژ. بلك, "رعايت موافقت نامه هاي چندجانبه زيست محيطي توسط دولت ها و نقش تبادل اطلاعات در آن" , پژوهش حقوق عمومي, نسخه 19, صفحات:92-125, 1396.
45. ژ. بلك, "ارزيابي دادرسي بين المللي به عنوان شيوه اي از مهار قاچاق اموال فرهنگي" , مجله تحقيقات حقوقي_نشريه دانشكده حقوق دانشگاه شهيد بهشتي, نسخه 3, صفحات:117-144, 1395.
46. ژ. بلك, ف. رضائي پور, "بوميان و جوامع محلي در حقوق بين الملل حفاظت از جانوران وحشي" , مجله پژوهشهاي حقوقي(موسسه مطالعات و پژوهشهاي حقوقي شهر دانش), نسخه 2, صفحات:17-64, 1394.
47. ژ. بلك, ف. جم, "دموكراسي زيست محيطي براي حفاظت از محيط زيست در حقوق بين الملل" , راهبرد, نسخه 18, صفحات:165-199, 1388.


Conference Articles
1. J. Elizabet blake, "Women, Intangible Cultural Heritage and Sustainable Progress" , In Womens PLace in Iranian-Islamic Civilization, 2020.
2. J. Elizabet blake, "Cultural Heritage as a Resource for and Enabler of Sustainability under International Law" , In Reinforcing Cooperation on Cultural Heritage in the EU Neighbourhood South, 2018.
3. J. Elizabet blake, "Responding to the Destruction of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Situations of Armed Conflict - Which International Law to Apply?" , In Heritage Destruction, Human Rights and International Law, 2018.
4. J. Elizabet blake, "What Role Can Museums Play in Taking a Participatory Approach towards ICH Safeguarding?" , In Intangible Cultural Heritage, Museums and participation, 2018.
5. J. Elizabet blake, "ICH in the Urban Context - Opportunities and Challenges for Building Inclusive Cities and Sustainable Communities" , In 2017 World Forum for Intangible Cultural Heritage: Intangible Cultural Heritage and the City, 2017.
6. J. Elizabet blake, "Mechanisms for Community Participation in the Intergovernmental Processes of the 2003 Convention" , In Glocal Perspectives on Intangible Cultural Heritage Local Communities, Researchers and UNESCO, 2017.
7. J. Elizabet blake, "UNESCO's 2003 Convention and Sustainable Development: the International Policy Context and National Experiences" , In Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage for Environmental Sustainability, 2017.
8. J. Elizabet blake, "Ensuring Indigenous peoples' and local communities' rights to food sovereignty - a cultural approach in international law" , In From Food Security to Food Sovereignty in the Framework of Good Governance, 2017.
9. J. Elizabet blake, "Building a Culture of Peace through Supporting Human Rights and Promoting Cultural Diversity" , In First Meeting on Cultural-Historical Properties Law, 2016.
10. J. Elizabet blake, "Protection of ICH in the Event of Armed Conflict" , In La destruction et la dispersion du patrimoine culturel lors des conflits armés, 2016.
11. J. Elizabet blake, "The Right of Communities' to Participate in Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage" , In Intangible Cultural Heritage: National Law and Subjective Rights, 2015.
12. J. Elizabet blake, "An Inter-disciplinary Approach to International Law" , In 10th Anniversary Conference of the European Society of International Law, 2014.
13. J. Elizabet blake, "Culture development and the indivisibility of human rights" , In International Seminar on An Analytical Review of the Vienna Declaration and Program of Action on Human Rights 1993 held by the NAM Center for Human Rights and Cultural, 2014.
14. J. Elizabet blake, "Culture in the eye of UNESCO cultural diversity and its priorities" , In Presented to the Expert Meeting on An Introduction to UNESCO and its Activities in the IR of Iran, 2014.
15. J. Elizabet blake, "Gender dynamics of intangible cultural heritage cross-disciplinarity in international law questioning accepted truths and challenging human rights" , In Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, 2014.
16. J. Elizabet blake, "Main legal obstacles to seeking the return of illegally exported and stolen ultural property" , In International Meeting of Judges Case-study of Crimes against Cultural Property UNODC, 2014.
17. J. Elizabet blake, "Protecting religious dversity for building peace and preventing violence" , In International Conference on The Role of Religions in Preventing Violence, 2014.
18. J. Elizabet blake, "Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage - an interdisciplinary approach to international law" , In 10th Anniversary Conference of the European Society of International Law, 2014.
19. J. Elizabet blake, "Women intangible cultural heritage and sustainable development" , In CCN General Assembly and International Women s Forum held by the Inter-City Cultural Network, 2014.
20. J. Elizabet blake, "Role of human rights and cultural diversity in building a culture of peace" , In The second International conference on human Rights qnd cultures legal cultures in support of the Jurisprudence of Humanity, 2012.
21. J. Elizabet blake, "Some reflections on meaning and implications of community involvement in safeguarding intangible cultural heritage" , In The second International conference on human Rights qnd cultures legal cultures in support of the Jurisprudence of Humanity, 2012.
22. J. Elizabet blake, "The historical context of the 2003 convention and contemporary regional and global significance of ICH" , In Creative value of ich for sustianable development, 2012.
23. J. Elizabet blake, "The Historical Context of the 2003 Convention and the Contemporary Regional and Global Significance of ICH." , In The Creative value of lCH for sustainable development, 2012.
24. J. Elizabet blake, "Exploring the relationship between cultural heritage and human rights" , In The firest international conference on human rights and cuture, 2011.
25. J. Elizabet blake, "Building a cultural of peace through human rights an equitable international order and promoting aculture diversity" , In International conference on world philosophy day 2010, 2010.
26. J. Elizabet blake, "Cultural diversity -an opportunity for iran" , 2010.
27. J. Elizabet blake, "Protecting the environment -respecting cultural rights and fostering cultural diversity" , 2009.
28. J. Elizabet blake, "HIV / AIDS A cross-cutting theme in human rights-domestic and international dimensions" , 2008.
29. J. Elizabet blake, "Democracy in Ancient Athens and related Approaches to Justice" , In Pathways to Democracy, 2007.
30. J. Elizabet blake, "Developing truly sustainable ecotourism policy-making planning management and legislative approaches" , In Sustainable Eco-tourism in Biospheres and Similarly Managed Areas, 2005.
31. J. Elizabet blake, "Exploring UNESCO s New International Convention for Intangible Cultural Heritage Where Are the Women" , In The Role of Women in the Transmission and Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage, 2004.
32. J. Elizabet blake, "The 2003 Convention on Intangible Cultural Heritage What Does it Mean in Practice" , In The Role of Women in the Transmission and Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage, 2004.
33. J. Elizabet blake, "The Right to Cultural Identity Explored form the Perspective of Cultural Heritage Protection" , In Identity Diversity and Human Rights, 2003.
34. J. Elizabet blake, "Preliminary Study on Developing a New International Convention for Intangible Cultural Heritage" , In Intangible Cultural Heritage a Working Definition, 2001.
35. J. Elizabet blake, "The Cultural Approach in Geography Geography and Dialogue among" , In The Cultural Approach in Geography Geography and Dialogue among Civilisations, 2000.
36. J. Elizabet blake, "The Legal Aspects of UNESCO s 1989 Recommendation on Traditional Culture and Folklore" , In A Global Assessment of the 1989 Recommendation on Safeguarding Traditional Culture and Folklore Local Empowerment and International Cooperation, 1999.
37. J. Elizabet blake, "The Development of International Law Relating to Intangible Cultural Heritage" , In The Role of Women in the Transmission of Intangible Cultural Heritage, 1999.
38. J. Elizabet blake, "International Legal Protection of Cultural Heritage Existing and Developing Law" , In History and Heritage the Debate Continues, 1997.
39. J. Elizabet blake, "A Tale of Trojan Treasure Lydian Gold and Byzantine Silver the Return of Turkey s Stolen Antiquities" , In Recovering Stolen Art and Artefacts, 1996.
40. J. Elizabet blake, "National Export Controls Turkey" , In Art Export Licensing and the International Market, 1996.
41. J. Elizabet blake, "Relèvement des défis éthiques de la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel" , In Ethique et patrimoine culturel, 2015.
42. ژ. بلك, "Beyond Death the Treatment of Indigenous Human Remains" , 1384.


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Shahid Beheshti University

Shahid Beheshti University